As part of the inauguration of the 9th World Bamboo Congress, we honor 5 of these great Bamboo Pioneers: (see the PowerPoint presentation)
Oscar Hidalgo-Lopez of Colombia
Wenyu Hsiung of the Peoples Republic of China
Jules Janssen of The Netherlands
Shuen Chao Wu of Taiwan
Masatoshi Watanabe of Japan
Oscar Hidalgo – Lopez (1930 – 2014)
Oscar Hidalgo was born in a town called Chinchina on the 16th of November in 1930. In this town, it was very common to build houses from local bamboo (the Guadua). His father was an odonotologist and his mother was dedicated to child care at home. He had a brother named Fernando who also became an architect, who sadly passed away ten years ago. He has a step-brother named Fabian. who wanted to bring Oscar to this event today but unfortunately Oscar’s health prevents him from traveling.
Oscar studied at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia and graduated as an Architect. Immediately after graduation, Oscar worked locally for several years until leaving for the United States in order to teach at Parsons School of Design in New York City. A pioneer in art and design education since its founding in 1896, Parsons has cultivated outstanding artists, designers, scholars, businesspeople, and community leaders for more than a century. During the years Oscar was at Parsons, the school programs began to encourage students to work on more socially conscious projects, such as public housing, alternatives to substandard urban housing, etc. The philosophy at Parsons during and since Oscar’s tenure there emphatically championed art and design as both intellectual practice and social responsibility. This is apparent in the evolution of Oscar’s work.
Growing up in Chinchina, surrounded by houses made of bamboo, Oscar watched as bamboo was used for many residential and public buildings. It was cheap and widely available, and was hidden behind plaster exteriors. After his education in architecture, he was further intrigued by the possibilities of bamboo. He embarked on a project to construct a country club kiosk 23 meters in diameter using bamboo. Five days before the opening ceremony, there was a hurricane which extremely distorted the building, moving the kingpost 90 cm off-center. After only two hours of working with a winch, however, the structure was successfully moved back into place without collapsing. Seeing this, he was sold on bamboo.
In 1960, when the Guadua were on the brink of extinction due to the intensive destruction of the natural bamboo plantations which began in the 1950’s, it was the Colombian Institute of Natural Resources (INDERENA) that forbade the cutting of bamboo without its permission. Fortunately today the natural Guadua forests are protected, managed and respected; no doubt thanks to people like Oscar. He later worked for the giant global contractor, Bechtel for 13 years, and as an inspiring teacher and researcher at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. He founded the Bamboo Research Center (CIBAM). He worked as a consultant in Ecuador and Costa Rica for the United Nations, as well as consultant for the Acuerdo de Cartagnea PADT-REFORT in Peru and Bolivia. His research took him to libraries in several universities, including Washington University in Canada, Columbia University in New York, and the University of California in Berkeley. Architect
Oscar Hidalgo set out and dedicated his life to bamboo research, teaching the world about the limitless possibilities of this remarkable plant. “With bamboo we can replace wood or timber in all their applications, but we cannot use wood or timber to make all the things and structures that can only be made with bamboo.” (Hidalgo, 2003) Amazed at its structural integrity and aesthetic possibilities, he traveled extensively throughout the United States, Germany, Japan, Philippines, Taiwan, China, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Brazil, India and elsewhere to study and teach, to experiment and explore. Everywhere he went, he inspired and influenced many students of architecture and design, builders and engineers.
In 2003, Oscar Hidalgo published an incredible book entitled, Bamboo – The Gift of the Gods. Essentially it is a testament of his life’s discoveries involving his study of bamboo; as a plant, its taxonomy, ecology, silviculture, mechanical and chemical properties, the role of preservation and protection in its durability, its use in traditional uses and handicrafts, manufacture of modern products and materials, bamboo construction technologies, engineering potentials, and modern possibilities. It is a triumph to his dedication and commitment. It is standing proof of his bamboo pioneering spirit.
Wenyu Hsiung (1915 – )
Wenyu Hsiung was born July 9th, 1915 in Chong Qing county of Sichuan Province. He graduated from the Forestry Department of Sichuan University, receiving his Bachelor of Agricultural Science degree in 1940. He remained on the staff as a faculty member after graduation. Four years later, he was promoted to a lecturer. In 1944 he obtained a scholarship and set his heart on pursuing his studies abroad.
He first attended classes at the University of Toronto and then transferred to the College of Forestry of Yale University. He received a master’s degree from Yale University in 1947. In August of that year, he transferred to the University of Minnesota and received a doctorate degree in 1951, and stayed on to continue his research. After his return from overseas in August of 1953, he successively held the posts of vice dean, dean and professor of Forestry Department of Nanjing Forestry College (now called the Nanjing Forestry University). He was a member of the third, fourth and fifth council of the Chinese Society of Forestry; director of Ecological Society of China; member of the third and fourth discipline assessment groups of the academic degree commission of the state council; subeditor of the forestry group of the editorial board of the ministry of forestry; member of the academic committee of environmental ecological center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; advisor of the integrated survey group of the southern part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; member and advisor of the scientific and technological committee of the ministry of forestry; followed by president and honorary president of Jiangsu executive council of ecology.
Since 1978, Wenyu Hsiung was appointed as visiting professor in the College of Forestry of the University of Idaho (USA); invited spokesperson of the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth world conferences of IUFRO; visiting professor of University of Edinburgh, University of Aberdeen, University of Oxford, University of Wales, Bangor, Universität Hamburg and Universität Göttingen; Malaysian forestry advisor of United Nations Development Programme. In 1987, he was selected as leader of P5·04 of IUFRO, mainly in charge of the 19th symposium to be held in August of 1990. He has been a teacher for more than 50 years, devoting himself to forestry education, training and mentoring of scientific personnel for bamboo research.
Wenyu Hsiung grew up in an environment of bamboo and has deep affection for bamboo. He was very worried about China’s lack of forest resources. As China has a large area of bamboo forest which is widely distributed with lots of varieties and rich experience in the cultivation and utilization of bamboo, he believed that we can solve the contradiction between the supply and demand of timber and give full play to bamboo resources by strengthening bamboo production and substituting bamboo for wood. Thus, he decided to be engaged in bamboo research, and selected Moso bamboo as his research object. Moso bamboo is the main species of bamboo in China which is fast growing and of high economic value. He spent all his energy in bamboo research, and led his work team to conduct on-the-spot investigations.
In 1958, he published a book called High-yield Moso Bamboo Stands in Shimen of Zhejiang Province. He found if we wanted to enlarge the area of bamboo forests and raise the per unit yield, we would be need to make a systematic study. Therefore, he organized the bamboo research group in Nanjing Forestry College in 1962. In addition, he conducted research on the characteristics of population structure of bamboo forest by using principles of ecology and put forward the measures and research direction of management and administration for bamboo forest. In 1964, he put forward the idea of south bamboo north transplanting and has carried out the introduction of moso bamboo ever since. In 1974, he with Prof. Zhou Fangchun, another bamboo expert, compiled a book called Bamboo Cultivation, which was welcomed by the reading public and reprinted four times successively. In 1978, his two achievements High Yield Moso Bamboo and South Bamboo North Transplanting won The National Science Conference Unit Award.
In 1981, Prof. Hsiung was invited to join the 17th world conference held by IUFRO in Japan. He presented the paper called Study on Intercalary Meristem and internode elongation of Bamboo Plants, and put forward some new points which roused attendants’ interests. In 1986, he was also invited to join the 18th world conference by IUFRO in Yugoslavia. He gave the report on Current Status and Development of Bamboo Research in China which was published in Forestry Research issued by the United Nations. At that conference, he was selected as leader of P5·04 of IUFRO for a term from 1987 to 1990. He compiled Bamboo Bulletin in English, mainly introducing world bamboo production and scientific research trends. In 1987, his name Wenyu Hsiung was listed in the biology volume of Who’s Who in the World by Longman Group Ltd. In 1988, his name was also listed in the Celebrity of Far East and Australia and International Intellects by Cambridge International Autobiography. In order to push bamboo research work forward, Prof. Hsiung and Zhou set up Bamboo Institute in Nanjing Forestry University. Wenyu Hsiung has put a great deal of effort and made a great contribution to bamboo development at home and abroad, in December of 1990, he won the outstanding contribution prize by IUFRO and was known as “Mr. Bamboo” by foreign friends.
Jules J.A. Janssen (1935 – )
In 1963, Jules Janssen achieved a Masters of Science degree in Civil Engineering from Delft University, with the main subject of structural design. From 1963-67, he was partner in an architect’s office, with major projects involving the structural design for a concert hall containing 3000 seats, and a harbor shed of 7200 square meter (80,000 sq. ft.)
Jules begins his teaching career in September of 1967, at the Eindhoven University, on the faculty of architecture and building, teaching structural design and applied mechanics. A few years later, in 1972, a Dutch volunteer in Indonesia asks him his advice on how to build with bamboo; the only source for his answer is found in a Dutch colonial military handbook from 1890. This raises his interest in bamboo! In 1974, when the university faculty asks who of the younger staff members would like to begin a PhD research, Jules applies with “bamboo as a building material” as his subject. The faculty considers this as crazy. Jules says, “in fact, they are right. I am headstrong, and starting this research is extremely difficult.” Jules struggles with how to determine the mechanical properties of bamboo without knowledge of appropriate testing methods. He discovers there is hardly any literature available, and he has to start with the test methods themselves, which is rather unusual. Later on, in 1997, this research is extremely welcome as a basis for the ISO standard on these methods. In 1979, the secretary of the Forestry Department of Wageningen University informs him “a German professor” is coming to present a guest lecture on bamboo, and Jules attends that lecture. Afterwards he meets the professor (Walter Liese) and presents his research. Professor Liese is enthusiastic, and invites Jules to the first bamboo workshop in Singapore, May 1980, sponsored by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC, Canada, the founder of INBAR – the International Network of Bamboo and Rattan).
Three years later, Walter Liese attends the PhD ceremonies of Jules Janssen. Dr. Janssen’s first consultancy involves strategy to diminish the import of timber products by using locally made bamboo products in the country of Burundi. Additionally he was a member of the Intermediate Technology Development Group’s (ITDG) building panel, CIB-W18B for several years. He became supervisor of the National Bamboo Project in Costa Rica, serving in that role from 1987-1995, visiting there twice a year for three weeks at a time. Beginning in 1988 while attending the International Bamboo Workshop in Cochin, India, he commits himself to the development of international standards for bamboo and devotes almost sixteen years to this goal. A consultancy job takes Jules to Bangladesh in 1991 to work on the preservation of bamboo; he is granted the Royal Order of “Officer in the Order of Oranje Nassau” for his work on bamboo by Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands in 1994, attends bamboo seminars in Tanzania in 1996, and in 1997, upon invitation of the Hawaii Chapter of the American Bamboo Society, Jules leads lectures on bamboo for three weeks. The lecture notes become the basis for his handbook, “Designing and building with bamboo”, which is later published by INBAR in 2000. Dr.
Janssen’s efforts on behalf of INBAR achieved significant success in 1997, at which time the Dutch Government, through the department for development cooperation, approved funding of $1.4 million (USD) for INBAR. This leads to Jules being present at the formal ceremony in Beijing for the establishment of new INBAR headquarters, followed by hectic years of much traveling as he works to build a strong organizational structure within INBAR. Most of his time from 1997-2000, he is occupied with writing draft texts for ISO standards on bamboo. The year 2000 brings formal retirement to Jules, but he continues to work for INBAR. Fortunately, Eindhoven University allows him use of all the facilities, and he continues his efforts in the development of the ISO bamboo standards, and additionally begins the role of editor for INBAR’s new Journal of Bamboo and Rattan. He continues mentoring, as he supervised several PhD candidates on bamboo: three in Eindhoven, one in Birmingham, and two in Delft. Finally, in 2004, the bamboo standards are approved by ISO. This is an incredible achievement in the acceptance of bamboo as a legitimate alternative to traditional timber and opens many doors for the use of bamboo in developed countries. The next year brings the end of Jules roles as Editor in Chief of the Journal of Bamboo and Rattan, which became the responsibility of the Kerala Forestry Research Institute. He left one job as editor for another, as he becomes the editor for the English language version of the handbook entitled, “Bamboo and Rattan in the World”, published by the Chinese Academy of Forestry on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of INBAR. This is a job of 250, 000 words, which is extraordinary considering English is not Jules’ first language! These days Jules Janssen enjoys calmer days at home, writing magazine articles or advising students. Bamboo stays on his mind, and in his heart.
Shuen-Chao Wu (1927- )
Professor Shuen-Chao Wu was born on March 2, 1927 at Chai-Yi, a city in southern Taiwan. Wu grew up near the forest train station, and frequently had the chance to see trains carrying huge logs. In his childhood, those scenes gave him a strange feeling and unforgettable deep image in his heart. Wu’s interest in forestry can be traced back to the summer of 1940. At the age of 13, Wu joined he boy scouts and had a chance to climb up to Mountain Morrison (also called Yushan, the highest mountain in northeast Asia), reaching its top to the height of 3950 meters above sea level. Through his many trips to the mountains, Wu had been able to observe many plants, such as bamboos, broadleaf trees and coniferous trees, from tropical, sub-tropical, temperate and sub frigid forests, gradually changing with increasing elevations. Since then, Wu grew up with a deep interest in bamboos, woods and forests.
From 1949 to 1953, Wu attended the National Taiwan University (NTU) and majored in Forestry. After graduation, up to 1956, he worked at National Forests (Taiwan Forest Bureau) as a forest staff member, and later continued his work at the Experimental Forest, National Taiwan University. Wu studied at the Graduate School of Forestry at the University of Tokyo, Japan from 1956-1962, and obtained a masters and doctorate degrees. In his six-year sojourn in Tokyo, Wu joined research work focusing on forest operation and wood utilization, and worked all over Japan. He presented many research papers in Japan and Taiwan. On August of 1962, Wu accepted an offer as associate professor, returning to his alma mater, the Department of Forestry, NTU. In 1965, Wu was promoted as professor, and continued his research works and teaching in Forestry for over 30 years. Under his guidance, 60 diploma students, 47 master students and 8 doctoral students achieved their degrees.
After his retirement in 1997, Wu continued to participate in forestry and academic activities by attending several forestry associations and some foundations. From 1972 to 1978, Wu was appointed as the chairman of the Department and Graduate School of Forestry, NTU. Under his exertion, the masters and doctorate degree programs were promoted. He also developed the scheme of the departmental program by dividing it into four units as “silviculture”, “resource management”, “forest industry” and “forest resources and conservation”. In 1978, Wu was invited as Visiting Professor in the University of Tokyo, where he undertook research works and strengthened the relationship between University of Tokyo and NTU. From 1981 to 1984, Wu took a position as the Dean of General Affairs of NTU, and had many outstanding achievements in the areas of forestry and administration. In 1988, Wu was invited as Visiting Professor in the Tokyo Agricultural University, Tokyo, and was actively involved in research works with scholars all over Japan.
As honorable positions, Wu holds the Professor Emeritus of National Taiwan University, Honorary President of Chinese Forest Products Association-Taiwan, the honorary member of the Chinese Forest Association-Taiwan, and the honorary member of Japanese Forest Engineering Association-Japan. 1. As the Representative of Taiwan (China-Taipei), Wu had participated eight times in the IUFRO World Congress, including the meetings from 16th to 22nd, and the Centennial Anniversary, from 1976 to 2005. His research papers were presented in IUFRO and other international meetings. As one of the previous IUFRO Executive Board Members, Wu attended several Board Meetings of IUFRO, traveling to many countries, such as Manaus-Brazil, Garpenberg-Sweden, Pointe-Noire-Congo, Portland-USA, Los Banas-Philippines, Prague-Czekoslavia, Quebec-Canada, Beijing-China, and San José-Costa Rica, etc.
He published over 200 research papers, including:
1. “Effects of Age, Node and Height in a Culm on Specific Gravity and Mechanical Properties of Bamboo”, 1966, Published in Department of Forestry, National Taiwan University (NTU) Report 1, PP 1-45.
2.“The Effect of the Cutting Rotation of Bamboo on its Mechanical Properties”, 1976, Published in New Horizons in Construction Materials, PP555-566, Evo Publishing Company, Inc., Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
3. “Study on the Structure of Bamboo Species Grown in Taiwan”, 1976, Published in the Dept. of Forestry, N.T.U., Bulletin No. 16, PP1-79.
4. “Research and Development of the Production and Utilization of Bamboo in Taiwan, R.O.C.” (The 17th IUFRO World Congress at Kyoto, Japan, September 6-17, 1981.)
5. “ The Structural Variation of Leptomorph Type and Pachymorph Type Bamboo Species”, 1986, Published in Forest Products Industries 5(2.):49-62.
6. “ The Ultrastructure of Vascular Bundles of Some Taiwan Bamboo Species, 1987, Published in Quart. Journ. Exp. For., N.T.U. 1(1):21-44.
7. Three research papers were presented in the 4th International Bamboo Workshop on Bamboo in Asia and Pacific, at Chiangmai, Thailand, November 27-30, 1991. a) Anatomical Characteristics of Taiwan giant bamboo and Moso bamboo. b) The ultrastructure of Taiwan giant bamboo and Moso bamboo. c) Structural variability of vascular bundles of some exotic bamboo species.
8. “The drying shrinkage of 3 rattan specie grown in Taiwan.” (IUFRO All-Division 5 Conference at Nancy, France. August 23-28, 1992)
9. “The Structural Variation of Recently Introduced Bamboo in Taiwan.” (Symposium on International Bamboo Industrial Utilization at Beijing, China, December 7-10, 1992.)
10. After the Beijing symposium, Wu visited An-Chi Bamboo Garden, near Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Wu had collected 20 species involving 13 genera bamboo samples for his research work there. Later he had used those materials making several research achievements and published 7 related papers as follows: a) “The Anatomical Properties of some Bamboo Species Grown in Mainland China (1), (2), (3)”, 1995&1996, published in Quart. Journ. ExP. For. National Taiwan University 9(1): 93-119, 9(4): 53-70, 10(2):37-59. b) “The Ultrastructure of Bamboos Grown in Mainland China (1), (2), (3), 1995&1996”, published in the Forest Products Industries 14(4): 499-518, 15(1): 1-20, 15(2): 193-215. c) “The Ultrastructure of Phyllostachys Genus Bamboos Grown in Mainland China, 1996”, published in Quart. Journ. Exp. For., National Taiwan University 10(1):23.
11. “Movement of Water and Chemical Solution in Ma Bamboo and Moso Bamboos”. (1993 FPRS Annual Meeting, at Clearwater, Florida, U.S.A. , June 21-23, 1993.)
12. “The wood Properties of Acacia Mangium and Acacia Auriculiformis Grown in Taiwan” (“International Symposium on the Utilization of Fast-Growing Trees (ISUFGT), at Nanjing, China, October 16-18, 1994.
13. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Malaysian Commercial Rattan Species, 1995, Published in Quart. Journ. For., N.T.U., 9(1):19-31.
14. 2 papers were presented in the 40th Anniversary of Japan Wood Research Society at Tokyo, Japan, April 4-9, 1995. a) “Group analysis as applied to wood anatomy of Taxodiaceae members.” b) “A computer model developed for differentiating wood anatomical characteristics in members of Pinaceae.”
15. On November 26-28, 1996, Wu was invited to the “FORTROP’96: International Conference on Tropical Forestry in the 21st Century” at Bangkok, Thailand, and A statement of “Wood Utilization in the Tropics” as one of Conference Keynote Speakers. In this conference, Wu also had the honor as co-chairman with Prof. Walter Liese for portion of congress.
16. “ The Anatomical and Mechanical Properties of Bamboo Species” (IUFRO All Division 5 International Conference—Forest Products for sustainable Forestry, at Spokane, Washington, U.S.A., July 7-11, 1997.)
17. Anatomical and Mechanical Properties of 3 Thailand Bamboo Species, 1998, Published in the Forest Products Industries, 17 (1):19-31.
18. On early September, 1998, Wu visited “Bamboo Processing and Industrial Technology Training Center”, at Moin near San Jose, Costa Rica that was supported by Taiwanese Government for promoting and assisting Costa Rica’s farmers to raise up their income and techniques in cultivation and utilization of bamboos. And discussed some technical aids about their development in the future.
Dr. Wu joins us today, traveling all the way from Taiwan, to share his enthusiasm for bamboo with all the participants of the 9th World Bamboo Congress.
Masatoshi WATANABE (1933 – )
Masatoshi Watanabe graduated from the Kyoto College of Foreign Languages in 1955. He achieved qualification as Forestry Specialist by the Forestry Agency of the Japan Government ten years later and in 1986 received a Doctorate degree from National Kyushu University. His thesis title, “Basic studies on the management of bamboo forests based on ecological characteristics.” His central interest and specialty focus became bamboo forest ecology, silviculture and management. Watanabe served as a technical official at Kyoto University from 1953-1991, and was the loyal assistant of Dr. Koichiro Ueda for 38 years. The World Bamboo Organization honored Dr. Ueda as the first Bamboo Pioneer at the 8th World Bamboo Congress, Bangkok in 2009, and subsequently honors Dr. Watanabe at this 9th WBC with the Ueda Lecture.
Since retiring from Kyoto University in 1991 to the present, Dr. Watanabe continues working as a specialist in the Japan Bamboo Society, as well as a specialist for the Rakusai Bamboo Park in Kyoto, lecturer for the Japanese government Forestry Agency, and since 2005 serves as Secretary General to the Japan Bamboo Association.
His international career included several fascinating opportunities. From 1970 – 1972, he was dispatched by the Japanese government to Thailand for technical cooperation as a bamboo expert, to Indonesia as a forestry expert in 1994 and 1995, to Chile as bamboo expert in 1996, and back again to Indonesia in 1997 as a bamboo expert. In November of 1992, Watanabe hosted a group of visitors from the American and European bamboo societies during the Third International Bamboo Congress. He generously guided and eagerly toured with this intrepid group of foreigners, crossing the bamboo bridge in friendship and spirit. He has continuously crossed over that bamboo bridge as researcher and scientist, participating as a speaker in the 7th World Bamboo Congress in Delhi, India in 2004 and attended the 8th World Bamboo Congress in Bangkok in 2009.
He has been a prolific writer, and has authored more than 150 papers. Those published in English, include: Masatoshi, WATANABE & Prasarn BARMNGRASD：On the research works of bamboo forest in Thailand. 3rd Nat. Forestry Conf., Thailand 1970
Masatoshi WATANABE：Report of technical service and research work on silviculture and management of bamboo forest in Thailand. Overseas Tech. Coop. Agency, Tokyo. 96pp. 1970
Masatoshi WATANABE & Seiichi OOHATA：Studies on bamboo culm form (1). On Phyllostachys bambusoudes Seib.et Zucc., J. Japan For. Soc., Vol. 62(1)：9～16, 1980
Masatoshi WATANABE & Hajime HAMADA：How long is the flowering interval of bamboo? Bamboo Production & Utilization：77～83, Proc. 17th IUFRO World Cong. in Kyoto, 1981
Masatoshi WATANABE, Koichiro UEDA, Ippei MANABE & Tatsuo AKAI：Flowering, seedling, germination, and flowering periodicity of Phyllostachys pubescens. J. Japan For. Soc., Vol.64(3)107～111, 1982
Masatoshi WATANABE：On the productivity of Phyllostachys bambusoides in recovering from flowering. J. Japan For. Soc., Vol.65(3)：89～93, 1983
Takashige AOKI & Masatoshi WATANABE：Studies on the organization of Phyllostachys bambusoides stands. Bamboo Prod. & Utili., Proc. P.5.04, 18th IUFRO World Cong., Yugoslavia：37 ～41, 1986
Masatoshi WATANABE：A proposal on the life form of bamboos and ecological typification of bamboo forests. Bamboo Prod. & Utili., Proc. P.5.04, 18th IUFRO World Cong., Yugoslavia：37～41, 1986
Masatoshi WATANABE：Distribution of bamboos in the world. Bamboo Journal No.4：225～233, 1987
Masatoshi WATANABE, Masaharu INOUE & Tadao TAKANO：Discussion on the prediction of culm height in Phyllostachys bambusoides bamboos. Bamboo Journal No.7：27～38, 1990
Masatoshi WATANABE & Takashige AOKI：Ecological characteristics of Phyllostachys bambusoides stands. Abstracts of Vth INTECOL：491, 1990
Masatoshi WATANABE & Takashige AOKI：Some productive aspects of Phyllostachys bambusoides stands. Bamboo Journal No. 8：1～8, 1990
Masatoshi WATANABE：Present status of bamboo industry in Japan. Bamboo Journal No.9：58～68, 1991
Masatoshi WATANABE：On the management of bamboo stands, with special reference to Japanese research. Constraints to production of bamboo and rattan, with special reference to planting materials and management of natural stands. Report of a consultation held 9～13 May 1994, Bangalore, India：175～191, INBAR, 1994
Masatoshi WATANABE：Recent bamboo industry and research in Japan. International Workshop on Bamboo Research, 24～26 June 1994, Chu-Tou Forest Rec. Area, Exp. For. Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taiwan
Masatoshi WATANABE：Report of forest tending on after-care program for the trial plantation project in Benakat, South Sumatra. 43pp. Submitted to Indonesia Government, 1994
Masatoshi WATANABE, Agus Setyono, Dharmawan Pathi & Sairun：Final Reoprt, Forest tending on after-care program for the trial plantation project in Benakat, South Sumatra. 66pp. Submitted to Indonesia Government, 1995
Masatoshi WATANABE, Claudio Zunino Aviles, Carlos Kahler G. & Carmen Gloria Quezada C.：Report on breeding control of Quila. 94pp., submitted to JICA & INFIR, 1996
Masatoshi WATANABE, Claudio Zunino Aviles, Carlos Kahler G. & Carmen Gloria Quezada C.： Ecological characteristics of Chusquea quila Kunth from central-south Chile. Bamboo Journal No.14：1～14, 1997
Masatoshi WATANABE：Report, Bamboo resources development program in Indonesia. Submitted to Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia. , 1997
Masatoshi WATANABE：On the above-ground biomass of four bamboo forests in Indonesia. Bamboo Journal No.16：22～32, 1999
We welcome him here today in Belgium for the 9th World Bamboo Congress as he presents the WBO Ueda Lecture, and honor him proudly as a recipient of the WBO Bamboo Pioneer Award.